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OII Fora List

This section of the Open Information Interchange information set provides information on the following international standards bodies and industry consortia:

Acronym Name Type *
CEN
including:
CEN/ISSS
European Committee for Standardization / Comité Européen de Normalisation Formal
CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Formal
CIE Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage Formal
CommerceNet Consortium (2)
DAVIC Digital Audio-Visual Council Consortium (1)
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting Project Consortium (1)
EBES European Board for EDI Standardization Formal
EBU European Broadcasting Union Formal
ECBS European Committee for Banking Standards Consortium (1)
ECMA European Computer Manufacturers Association Consortium (1)
EEMA European Electronic Messaging Association Consortium (3)
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute Formal
HLSG High Level Strategy Group for ICT Consortium (2)
IAB Internet Architecture Board Consortium (2)
ICOM-CIDOC International Committee for Documentation of the International Council of Museums Consortium (1)
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission Formal
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Consortium (1)
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force Consortium (1)
IFIP International Federation for Information Processing Consortium (3)
IISP Information Infrastructure Standards Panel Consortium (2)
ISO International Organization for Standardization Formal
ITU International Telecommunications Union Formal
MMCF Multimedia Communications Forum Consortium (1)
NIST National Institute of Science and Technology Formal
OMG Object Management Group Consortium (1)
OSF Open Software Foundation Consortium (1)
The Open Group The Open Group Consortium (1)
UniForum The International Association of Open Systems Professionals Consortium (2)
W3C World Wide Web Consortium Consortium (1)
XIWT Cross-Industry Working Group Consortium (2)
X-Open X/Open Consortium (1)

* The following types of organizations are listed above:

  • Formal: Formal standards bodies
  • Consortium (1): Industry consortia whose primary activity is the development of specifications and/or related technical material (e.g. technical guidance material)
  • Consortium (2): Industry consortia whose activities are highly relevant to standardization and in particular include the systematic collection of industry/user requirements for input to the standardization process
  • Consortium (3): Industry consortia whose key activities includes the promotion of standards usage and the publication of guidance information on standards.

This OII Standards and Specifications Fora List is intended as a compendium to the OII Standards and Specifications List, by providing additional information on the organisations referenced in the list. On the other hand, the Fora List is also a self-standing reference for providing basic information on key organisations whose activities are relevant -- either directly or indirectly -- to the development, dissemination and promotion of standards or specifications in the OII domain.

Users of the Fora List are advised to obtain further information about these organisations by consulting the organisations' own Web sites (for which links are provided wherever possible) or by contacting their offices.

Standards are a pillar for the Information Society. Within the European Union there is a consensus that the information infrastructure which underpins the Information Society must be characterised by the interconnectivity of networks and the interoperability of services. At the G7 Conference on Building the Global Information Society for the 21st Century held in Brussels in October 1997 industrialists and standards bodies agreed to work together to develop standards for interconnectivity and interoperability in the information and communication technologies (ICT) field that would provide the Global Information Infrastructure needed for the coming decades.

Disclaimer: The inclusion of particular organisations in the Fora List does not imply endorsement or otherwise of their activities by the European Commission.



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CEN

Expanded Name
Comité Européen de Normalisation
European Committee for Standardization

Date of establishment
1975

Objectives
CEN is an international association set up to manage cooperation between European National Standards Bodies (NSBs). The objective of CEN is to adopt national and international standards that are relevant throughout Europe. Once a CEN working document receives sufficient support, it is proposed as a draft standard (ENV) for public enquiry at national level to allow wide consultation and collection of technical comments. Approval of the final text is performed by formal, weighted votes of the CEN member bodies to form a CEN Standard (European Norm - EN).

CEN Associated Standards Bodies (ASBs) are independent bodies which enter into a contract with CEN to provide drafts in accordance with CEN principles which are then submitted to CEN's formal procedures for potential implementation as a European Norm.

Areas of activity
CEN currently has around 300 technical committees working in all areas. The ones relevant to ICT include:

CEN is establishing an Information Society Standardisation System (ISSS) unit for launch in Autumn 1997. It is anticipated that this will encompass (some) of the existing CEN ICT, EWOS and EBES activities and will provide a coherent focus and administrative support for such work. (See Re-structuring of CEN in Information Society Standardization.)

Membership
Participation in CEN Committees is through Delegations from National Standards Bodies (NSBs).

Contact

CEN Infodesk
Rue de Stassart 36
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +32 2 550 0811
Fax: +32 2 550 0819
E-mail: cen@cenclcbel.be

URL
http://www.cenorm.be/



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CEN/ISSS

Expanded Name
CEN Information Society Standardisation System

Note: Formerly known as the European Workshop on Open Systems (EWOS)

Date of establishment
July 1997

Objectives
ISSS' primary objective is the facilitation of timely, high quality, cost-effective, interoperable, portable, implementable, testable, standards-based solutions to meet market needs in the ICT context.

Areas of activity
ISSS currently plans workshops in the following areas:

  • Directories and Naming issues (DIR)
  • Meta-data for Multi-media Information (MMI)
  • Interoperability aspects of multiple Public Key Infrastructures (PKI)
  • Electronic Commerce

Contact

ISSS Secretariat
c/o CEN
Rue de Stassart 36
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +32 2 550 0813
Fax: +32 2 550 0909
E-mail: infodesk@cenclcbel.be

URL
http://www.cenorm.be/ISSSWEB.htm



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CENELEC

Expanded Name
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

Date of establishment
1973

Objectives
CENELEC standards define the conditions for access of electrotechnical goods and services into the European market with the maximum possible consensus based on the most international solution, in the shortest possible time.

CENELEC works closely with its sister European standardization bodies (CEN and ETSI) and joint technical bodies are set up where a risk of duplication exists. Joint committees are particularly apparent in the ICT domain.

Areas of activity
European standardization in the field of ICT, which is currently undertaken by CENELEC's technical bodies, deals with the following main areas:

  • Fieldbus (TC 65X)
  • Automatic Control for Household Use (TC 72)
  • Audio, Video and Multimedia Systems and Equipment (TC 100X)
  • Electronic Entertainment and Educational Systems for Household and Similar Use (TC 203)
  • Home and Building Electronic Systems / HBES (TC 205)
  • Mains Communicating Systems (SC 205A)
  • Radio Data Systems - RDS (TC 207)
  • Cabled Distribution Systems for Television, Sound and Interactive Multimedia Signals (TC 209)
  • Broadcast Receiving Equipment
  • Infrared Free Air Applications
  • Telecontrol
  • Remote Reading of Meters
  • Interconnection of Information Technology Equipment
  • Multimedia Terminal Standards.

Membership
Participation in CENELEC Committees is through Delegations from National Standards Bodies (NSB). The NSBs convene national experts and ensure a national point of view is conveyed that takes account of all interests affected by the work.

Contact

CENELEC
Rue de Stassart 35
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +32 2 519 68 71
Fax: +32 2 519 69 19
E-mail: cenelec@cenclcbel.be

URL
None



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CIE

Expanded Name
Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage
International Commission on Illumination

Date of establishment
1913

Objectives
The CIE is a technical, scientific and cultural non-profit organization whose objectives include:

  • to provide an international forum for the discussion of all matters relating to the science, technology and art of light and lighting
  • to develop basic standards and procedures of metrology in the fields of light and lighting
  • to provide guidance in the applications of principles and procedures in the development of international and national standards on lighting.

CIE's 120 technical committees are grouped into 7 divisions:

  • Division 1: Vision and colour
  • Division 2: Measurement of light and radiation
  • Division 3: Interior environment and lighting design
  • Division 4: Lighting and signalling for transport
  • Division 5: Exterior lighting and other applications
  • Division 6: Photobiology and photochemistry
  • Division 7: General aspects of lighting (including vocabulary).

Membership
CIE has national committees in 39 countries, and individual members in many other countries.

Contact

CIE Central Bureau
Kegelgasse 27
A-1030 Vienna
Austria
Tel: +43 714 31 87 9
Fax: +43 713 08 38 18
E-mail: ciecb@ping.at

URL
http://www.cie.co.at/cie/



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CommerceNet

Date of establishment
1994

Objectives
CommerceNet describes itself as "the premier industry association for Internet Commerce". It is a not-for-profit organisation. Its mission is to accelerate the growth of Internet Commerce, and create business opportunities for members.

Areas of activity
Activities include:

  • Market and business developments – educational and outreach activities, e.g. production of surveys, and promotion of information exchange between members
  • Technology developments – e.g. development and demonstration of security and payment protocols for the WWW, development and distribution of Internet starter kits and WWW administration tools, development and operation of on-line Public Key Certificate Authority (claimed to be the first in the world)
  • Industry pilots – over 10 pilots to demonstrate "the bottom line potential" of Internet Commerce, e.g. on-line RFQ bidding service for the electronics industry, secure on-line system for filing and withholding tax information, exchange of EDI payment instructions and confirmations over the Internet
  • Advocacy – development and publication of position papers on significant issues impacting the Internet marketplace.

Membership
By subscription. Membership is open to all organisations who have an interest in Internet Commerce.

CommerceNet has created a global partner program for establishing a worldwide network of organisations on the development of the global electronic marketplace and ensuring the interoperability and compatibility of its members' technology. Each Global Partner is an independent organisation responsible for its own budget, business plan and staffing. Global partners have been established in the US, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Australia, Sweden, Italy and India. By 1998, the Consortium expects to announce the establishment of Global Partners in UK, Spain, Norway, Netherlands, Finland, Malaysia, South Africa, Brazil, Taiwan, Russia and Chile.

Contact

CommerceNet West Coast Office & HQ
4005 Miranda Avenue, Suite 175
Palo Alto, CA 94304 
USA
Tel: +1 415 858 1930
Fax: +1 415 858 1936
E-mail: Info@commerce.net

URL
http://www.commerce.net



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DAVIC

Expanded Name
Digital Audio-Visual Council

Date of establishment
January 1994

Objectives
DAVIC is an international non-profit organisation registered in Geneva. The purpose of DAVIC is to ensure the success of emerging digital audio-visual applications and services by the timely availability of internationally agreed specifications of open interfaces and protocols that maximise interoperability across countries and applications/services.

Areas of activity
The technical activity of DAVIC is organised into six Technical Committees, Applications, System Integration, Server, Delivery Systems, Set-top Unit and Technology, under the direct supervision of the Management Advisory Committee. Other Advisory Committees deal with Standardisation and Strategic Planning.

The DAVIC 1.0 specification allows the deployment of systems that support initial applications such as TV distribution, near video on demand, video on demand and some basic forms of teleshopping.

Version 1.1 of the specification will add:

  • API for content-related data, navigation tools, executable code etc.
  • Protocol stacks for return channels operating both real time and non-real time
  • Protocols to achieve dynamic channel allocation in a multi-access cable systems.
  • Technologies for physical layer and lower-layer protocols for satellite return channel
  • Technologies for transmission via MMDS (Multichannel Multipoint Distribution System)
  • Internet access
  • Protocols for IPR tracing
  • Security tools, including technologies for Scrambling, Key management and Authentication
  • Conformance testing tools.

Version 1.2 will add:

  • Representation of computer-generated audio and 3-D visual information
  • Information representation for higher quality video and audio.
  • Definition of STU profiles supporting audio only or audio which is enhanced by data, graphic and/or visual subchannels.
  • Software technologies associated with application and systems software portability, such as
  • Version/configuration control, Software integrity and Software safety (e.g. virus protection)
  • Modulation and associated technology to transmit digital audio-visual information over terrestrial UHF and VHF TV channels
  • Modulation and associated technology to transmit digital audio-visual information over 28-40 GHz (LMDS)
  • High-bandwidth symmetrical digital connectivity
  • Multimedia mobile wireless systems
  • Distributed servers/distributed services
  • Service Management interfaces and protocols
  • Home network interfaces
  • Definitions of interfaces and protocols to enable DAVIC systems' use of digital disc or tapes which are local to the STU as input
  • Content acquisition and production
  • Interfaces for extending the capacity of video servers through arrays or juke boxes of tapes and magnetic and optical discs.

Future goals include:

  • Agent communication
  • Service scalabity
  • Media conversion protocols (e.g. PAL to NTSC, text to graphics, text to speech)
  • Guaranteed quality of services (delivery, delay, integrity)
  • Methods to evaluate end-to-end quality of service
  • Domestic multimedia information infrastructure.

Each future version will extend on previous versions to provide more functionalities while keeping, as far as possible, backwards compatibility with previous versions.

Contact

DAVIC Secretariat
Mr Nicola Bellina
Strada Antica di Colllegno, 253
I-10146 Torino (Italy)
+39 11 7720 114 +39 11 7720 111
Fax: +39 11 725 679
E-mail : nicola.bellina@davic.it

URL
http://www.ccett.fr/dam/davic.htm



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DVB

Expanded Name
Digital Video Broadcasting Project

Date of Establishment
1993

Objectives
DVB is an international voluntary grouping with the aim of agreeing systems for digital television broadcasting using the well known MPEG-2 standard.

Areas of activity
DVB is establishing a framework for the introduction of digital television services through a variety of transmission media, and have already developed standards and agreed methods of operation for satellite, cable, terrestrial, SMATV and MVDS transmission systems. Methods of signaling DVB services and carrying ancillary services such as teletext and subtitles have been developed, and provision for conditional access systems has been built in. Links are maintained with the world's standards bodies, and with other groups dealing with digital systems such as DAVIC (The Digital Audio-Visual Council).

Activities include:

  • Develop and maintain standards satellite and cable systems
  • Production of the DVB Directory of Equipment and Services
  • Promotion of DVB systems.

Membership
The DVB Project is a market-led initiative which has more than 200 members from over 29 countries world-wide. Membership is open to all organisations with an interest in digital transmission.

Contact

DVB Project Office
C/O European Broadcasting Union
CP 67
CH-1218 Grand-Saconnex GE
Switzerland
Tel: +41-22-717-2719
Fax: +41-22-717-2727
E-mail: dvb@ebu.ch

URL
http://www.dvb.org/dvbindex.html



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EBES

Expanded Name
European Board for EDI Standardization

Date of establishment
1996

Objectives
EBES provides an open focal point for the expression of European business and administration electronic data interchange (EDI) requirements.

Areas of activity
The initial areas of focus are on:

Contact

EBES Secretariat
c/o CEN
Rue de Stassart 36
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +32 2 5500989
Fax: +32 2 5500909
E-mail: ebes@cenclcbel.be

URL
http://www.ebes.eu.org/



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EBU

Expanded Name
European Broadcasting Union

Date of Establishment
1950

Objectives
EBU's main objectives are to solve technical and legal problems relating to broadcasting in Europe, and to develop news and programme exchanges.

Areas of activity
One of the EBU's best known television activities is EUROVISION, which has a permanent network comprising six channels on a Eutelsat satellite as well as 6,000 kilometers of permanently rented terrestrial circuits. The network serves as a vehicle for daily news and programme exchanges.

There is also extensive collaboration in the area of radio, including local, regional and international broadcasting. Radio exchanges operate under the name of EURORADIO.

In the legal area, the EBU advises its members and acts on their behalf at an international level, notably with regard to copyright legislation, the acquisition of rights and defending interests in relations with European institutions. It also deals with contractual access to the Eurovision Network of non-members.

Technical cooperation is one of the EBU's major activities. EBU is in the forefront of research and development of new broadcasting technologies and has led or contributed to the development of many radio and TV systems such as Radio Data System (RDS), Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB), Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) and High-Definition Television (HDTV).

Membership
The EBU is the world's largest professional association of national broadcasters and has 66 active members in 49 European and Mediterranean countries and 51 associate members in 30 countries elsewhere in Africa, the Americas and Asia.

Contact

European Broadcasting Union
CP 67
CH-1218 Grand-Saconnex GE
Switzerland
Tel: +41-22-717-2111
Fax: +41-22-717-2481
E-mail: ebu@ebu.ch

URL
http://www.ebu.ch



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ECBS

Expanded Name
European Committee for Banking Standards

Date of establishment
Not known

Objectives
ECBS was created under the auspices of the three European Credit Sector Associations: Banking Federation of the EU, European Saving Banks Group and European Association of Cooperative Banks. Its objectives are:

  • To produce European Banking Standards, Technical Reports and other documents on standards related issues
  • To co-ordinate European banking input on technical standards into other standardization (and non-standardization) bodies, and vice versa
  • To submit proposals on the implementation of standards
  • To produce strategic recommendations, policy statements and position papers.

Areas of activity
The technical work of ECBS is performed by the following Technical Committees, which comprise working groups on specific work items:

  • Technical Committee 1 – Plastic cards and related devices
  • Technical Committee 2 – Automated cross border payments
  • Technical Committee 4 – Security

Note: There is no Technical Committee 3.

Membership
Membership comprises individual banks (national representatives) from the member countries of ECBS (currently 18).

Contact

ECBS
Avenue de Tervueren, 12
1040 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +322 733 3533
Fax: +322 736 4988
E-mail: ecbs@club.innet.be

URL
http://www.ecbs.org



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ECMA

Expanded Name
European Computer Manufacturers Association

Date of Establishment
1961

Objectives
ECMA is an international, Europe-based industry association dedicated to the standardization of information and communication systems

Areas of activity
The standardization work of ECMA is performed by the following Technical Committees and task groups:

  • TC12 - Product safety
  • TC15 - Volume and file structure
  • TC17 - Magnetic tapes and cartridges
  • TC19 - Flexible disk cartridges
  • TC20 - Electromagnetic compatibility
  • TC26 - Acoustics
  • TC31- Optical disk cartridges
  • TC32 - Communication, networks and systems interconnection 
    The work of TC32 is developed in the following five Task Groups:
    • TC32-TG11 - Computer Supported Telecommunication Applications (CSTA)
    • TC32-TG12 - Private telecommunication networks - Management (dormant)
    • TC32-TG13 - Private telecommunications networks - Networking and services
    • TC32-TG14 - Private telecommunications networks - Signaling
    • TC32-TG15 - Broadband private networks
  • TC33 - Portable common tool environment
  • TC36 - IT security
  • TC37 - Application Programming Interface for Windows
  • TC38 - Product-related environmental attributes
  • TC39 - Scripting languages

Contact
ECMA
114 Rue du Rhône
CH 1204 Geneva
Switzerland
Fax: +41 22 849.60.01
E-mail: helpdesk@ecma.ch

URL
http://www.ecma.ch



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EEMA

Expanded Name
European Electronic Messaging Association

Date of establishment
1987

Objectives
EEMA is a European forum for advanced business communications whose aim is to raise awareness in and promote the business benefits of electronic messaging throughout Europe. It is an international, non-profit making organisation.

Areas of activity

  • Distribution of information on aspects of Electronic Commerce - recent reports include those on ADMD Interconnection Agreements, Business Aspects of Security, X.500 Directory Product Guides, anIntroduction to X.400 Messaging and User Case Studies.
  • Organisation of conferences on electronic messageing.
  • Occasional studies into different aspects of the electronic messaging markets via its committees. EEMA publishes an ADMD (Administrative Management Domain) Interconnection Matrix on a regular basis.
  • Industry bulletins, updates, EEMA Briefing magazine and EEMA Online magazine.
  • An Information Centre used to exchange views and information freely with other member organisations and industry specialists.

Contact

EEMA
Alexander House
High Street
Inkberrow
Worcester WR7 4DT
UK
Tel: +44 1386 793028
Fax: +44 1386 793268
E-mail: eemaoffice@attmail.com

URL
http://www.eema.org/eema.html



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ETSI

Expanded Name
European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Date of establishment
1988

Objectives
The principal role of ETSI involves technical pre-standardization and standardization at the European level of telecommunications protocols. In recent years ETSI's standardization activity has included the building of an infrastructure for the Information Society.

ETSI works closely with its sister European standardization bodies (CENELEC and CEN) and joint technical bodies are set up where a risk of duplication exists. Joint committees are particularly apparent in the ICT domain.

Areas of activity
The following main fields are addressed:

  • Telecommunications.
  • Areas common to telecommunications and information technology in co-ordination with CEN andCENELEC.
  • Areas common to telecommunications and broadcasting (especially audio-visual and multi-media matters) in co-ordination with CEN, CENELEC and the EBU.

ETSI Projects include:

  • TIPHON: Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization Over Networks. Interoperation between Internet Voice Telephony and existing telecommunication networks (PSTN, ISDN, GSM).
  • BRAN: Broadband Radio Access Networks. Service-independent radio access networks up to 25Mb/s in the context of the EII
  • PTS: Pay Terminals and Systems. IC card related aspects of wired payment communication terminals in close collaboration with CEN TC 224. Relevant to secure payment systems and thus EC applications
  • ATA: Analogue Terminals and Access
  • CN: Corporate Networks
  • DECT: Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications
  • MTA: Multimedia Terminals and Applications
  • SMG: Special Mobile Group
  • CTM: Cordless Terminal Mobility
  • DTA: Digital Terminals and Access
  • TETRA: Terrestrial Trunked Radio

ETSI has the following Technical Committees:

  • TMN: Telecommunications Management Networks. Interoperability of networks and services and general network management.
  • ERM: EMC and Radio Spectrum Matters.
  • ICC: Integrated Circuit Cards. Development of common hardware and software platforms to support future multi-applications (e.g. bank, telecoms…).
  • NA: Network Aspects
  • SEC: Security
  • ECMA TC 32:Comunication, Networks and Systems Interconnection

ETSI also has the following Special Committees:

  • GMM CG: Global Multimedia Mobility Co-ordination Group.
  • SAGE: Security Algorithms Group of Experts.
  • JEEC/ECMA: Joint ETSI/ECMA Committee.

Other activities include:

Membership
Membership is open to any company or organization with an interest in the creation of European Telecommunications Standards. To qualify for full membership, applicants must be active in one of the countries of the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) and agree to contribute to ETSI's work and to use the standards it produces. Members may participate individually or within groups.

Contact

European Telecommunications Standards Institute
Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX
France
Tel: +33 4 92 94 42 00
Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

URL
http://www.etsi.fr/



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HLSG

Expanded Name
High Level Strategy Group for ICT

Date of Establishment
1995

Objectives
To identify the requirements for, and facilitate the provision of, timely standardization and other actions in Europe to ensure that the European industry plays a major leadership role in the creation of new global ICT markets (European Information Infrastructure/Global Information Infrastructure).

Areas of activity
In 1996 HLSG published three reports prepared by project teams drawn from its member organisations:

The work programme of 1997 includes the following work items:

  • Work Item 1 – Strategic action in matters related to the creation of the EII/GII (so-called "Roadmap" action)
  • Work Item 2 – Identification of standardization priorities for the EII (this includes execution of existing projects and initiation of new projects – a project on Intelligent Multimedia Terminals has been initiated)
  • Work Item 3 – Industrial advisory group on issues related to the EII (so called "sounding board" function).

HLSG has a close working relationship with the ICT Standards Board.

Membership
Membership is restricted to European Associations with a demonstrated interest in the ICT business. This includes the following founding organisations:

  • EACEM (European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers)
  • ECTEL (European Telecommunications and Professional Electronics Industry Association)
  • ETNO (European Public Telecommunications Network Operators’ Association)
  • Eurobit (European Association of Manufacturers of Business Machines and Information)

Associate members are EBU (European Broadcasting Union) and ACT (Association of Commercial TV Broadcasters).

Contact

HLSG
c/o Nokia Research Center
P.O. Box 407
FIN-00045 Nokia Group
Tel: +358 9 4376 6296
Fax: +358 9 4376 6533
Email: markku.ranta@research.nokia.com

URL
http://www.hlsg.com



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IAB

Expanded Name
Internet Architecture Board

Date of Establishment
1983 (as Internet Activities Board)

Objectives
The IAB exists to serve and help the IETF. Its general objectives are to:

  • Provide oversight of the architecture for the protocols and procedures used by the Internet.
  • Provide oversight of the process used to create Internet Standards.
  • Serve as an appeal board for complaints of improper execution of the IETF standards process.
  • Act as a source of advice and guidance to the Board of Trustees and Officers of the Internet Society concerning technical, architectural, procedural and (where appropriate) policy matters pertaining to the Internet and its enabling technologies.

The IAB also has a role in external representation and formal liaison with other standards bodies such as ISO-IEC/JTC1 and ITU-T.

Areas of activity
Activity domain examples include:

  • The future of Internet addressing
  • Architectural principles of the Internet
  • Future goals and directions for the IETF
  • Management of Top Level Domains in the Domain Name System
  • Registration of MIME types
  • International character sets
  • Charging for addresses
  • Tools needed for renumbering
  • Triggering of a workshop or ad hoc panel, outside the standards process, to develop ideas in a particular area. For example, workshops were held recently on security (RFC 1636) and information infrastructure (RFC 1862).
  • Stimulate the formation of research groups.

The IAB was originally called the Internet Activities Board, and it was set up when the Internet was still largely a research activity of the US Government.

Membership
IAB consists of thirteen voting members. Of these, six are nominated each year by a nominating committee drawn from the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). IAB members are part-time volunteers serving the IETF community with no particular expectation of reward.

Contact

Contact IAB Web site

URL
http://www.isi.edu/iab



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ICOM-CIDOC

Expanded Name
International Committee for Documentation of the International Council of Museums

Date of establishment
ICOM: 1946 CIDOC: 1950

Objectives
ICOM is a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) maintaining formal relations with UNESCO. It has a consultative status to the United Nations' Economic and Social Council. ICOM was created in 1946 and has around 13,000 members in 145 countries. The membership participates in the activities of 112 National Committees and 25 International Committees. Some National Committees have also organised on a regional level to reinforce their action. ICOM is a non-profit making organisation whose funds come mainly from membership subscriptions. It receives support from UNESCO's programme activity for museums and from public and private funds. ICOM encourages museums to be active contributors of information to the Internet about their programmes and collections in order to fully play their role "in the service of society".

CIDOC is the international focus for the documentation interests of museums and similar organisations. It is a constituent committee of the International Council of Museums (ICOM). CIDOC now has over 750 members from 60 countries. These members include documentation specialists, registrars, computer managers, system designers, advisors and trainers.

Areas of activity
The following Working Groups were given a new mandate or established at the 1995 conference:

Contact

UNESCO-ICOM Information Centre
Maison de l'UNESCO
1 rue Miollis
75732 Paris Cedex 15 
France
Tel.: (+33 1) 47 34 05 00. Fax: (+33 1) 43 06 78 62
E-mail: jani@icom.org

URL
http://www.cidoc.icom.org/cidoc0.htm



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IEC

Expanded Name
International Electrotechnical Commission

Date of Establishment
1906

Objectives
The mission of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is to promote, through its members, international co-operation on all questions of standardization and related matters, such as the assessment of conformity to standards, in the fields of electricity, electronics and related technologies. It therefore provides a forum for the preparation and implementation of consensus-based voluntary international standards, facilitating international trade in its field and helping to meet expectations for an improved quality of life.

Areas of activity
Activities include:

  • Publication of international standards and technical reports; the international standards serve as a basis for national standardization and as references when drafting international tenders and contracts.
  • The IEC Multilingual Dictionary of Electricity, Electronics and Telecommunications, which is based on the International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) database,
  • Producing informative technical booklets known as Technology Trend Assessments that are designed to show the state of the art or trends in emerging fields of technology.
  • Co-operation with numerous other international organizations, particularly with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and increasingly with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). An initial agreement was signed with ISO in 1976, and ten years later the two bodies established Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) to cover the expanding field of information technology.

The IEC's Committee of Action (CA) has the following advisory committees:

  • ACET (Advisory Committee on Electronics and Telecommunications)
  • ACOS (Advisory Committee on Safety)
  • ACEC (Advisory Committee on Electromagnetic Compatibility)
  • ACEA (Advisory Committee on Environmental Aspects).

IEC work is undertaken by technical committees and sub-committees.

Membership
Regular members represent 54 "National Committees". On becoming a member of the IEC, each National Committee agrees to open access and balanced representation from all private and public electrotechnical interests in its country.

Contact

International Electrotechnical Commission
3, rue de Varemb, PO Box 131
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 919 02 11
Fax: +41 22 919 03 00

URL
http://www.iec.ch



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IEEE

Expanded Name
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Date of Establishment
1884

Objectives
The technical objectives of the IEEE focus on advancing the theory and practice of electrical, electronics and computer engineering and computer science.

The IEEE, through its members, provides leadership in areas ranging from aerospace, computers and communications to biomedical technology, electric power and consumer electronics.

Areas of activity
The IEEE sponsors technical conferences, symposia and local meetings worldwide; publishes nearly 25% of the world's technical papers in electrical, electronics and computer engineering; provides educational programs to keep its members' knowledge and expertise state-of-the-art. The purpose of all these activities is two fold: (1) to enhance the quality of life for all peoples through improved public awareness of the influences and applications of its technologies; and (2) to advance the standing of the engineering profession and its members.

The IEEE hosts a wide range of societies, including:

Membership
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is the world's largest technical professional society. The Institute has more than 320,000 members who conduct and participate in its activities in 147 countries. IEEE membership is open to professionals with varying levels of academic accomplishment and work experience.

Contact

IEEE Customer Service
445 Hoes Lane, P.O. Box 1331
Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331
USA
Tel: +1 908 981 0060
Fax: +1 908 981 9667
E-mail: customer.service@ieee.org

URL
http://www.ieee.org



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IETF

Expanded Name
Internet Engineering Task Force

Date of establishment
1986

Objectives
The Internet Engineering Task Force is the protocol engineering and development arm of the Internet. The IETF is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.

Areas of activity
The technical work of the IETF is done in its working groups, which are organized by topic into several areas (e.g. routing, network management, security, etc.). Much of the work is handled via mailing lists. The IETF holdsmeetings three times per year.

Contact

IETF Secretariat
c/o Corporation for National Research Initiatives
1895 Preston White Drive, Suite 100
Reston, VA 22091
USA
Tel: +1 703 620 8990
Fax: +1 703 758 5913
E-mail: ietf-secretariat@cnri.reston.va.us

URL
http://www.ietf.cnri.reston.va.us



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IFIP

Expanded Name
International Federation for Information Processing

Date of establishment
1960

Objectives
IFIP is dedicated to improving worldwide communication and increased understanding among practitioners of all nations about the role information processing can play in all walks of life. It is a non-governmental, non-profit umbrella organisation for national societies working in the field of information processing. The Federation was established in 1960 under the auspices of UNESCO as an aftermath of the first World Computer Congress held in Paris in 1959. Its aims are summarised as:

  • To promote Information Science and Technology.
  • To advance international cooperation in the field of Information Processing.
  • To stimulate research, development and application of Information Processing in science and human activity.
  • To further the dissemination and exchange of information on Information Processing.
  • To encourage education in Information Processing.

Areas of activity
The IFIP Technical Committees deal with the following subjects:

  • TC1: Foundations of Computer Science
  • TC 2: Software: Theory and Practice
  • TC 3: Education
  • TC 5: Computer Applications in Technology
  • TC 6:Communication Systems
  • TC 7: System Modelling and Optimisation
  • TC 8: Information Systems
  • TC 9: Relationship between Computers and Society
  • TC 10: Computer Systems Technology
  • TC 11: Security and Protection in IP Systems
  • TC 12: Artificial Intelligence
  • TC 13: Human-Computer Interaction
  • SG 16: Smart Cards

Membership
Membership is open to a national scientific or technical society, or group of such societies, in each country, and any international organization, professional or governmental, having interest in the Information Processing field and willingness to cooperate and coordinate its activities with the Federation.

Contact

IFIP Secretariat
Hofstraße 3
A-2361 Laxenburg
Austria
Phone: +43 2236 73616
Fax: +43 2236 73616 9
E-mail: ifip@ifip.or.at

URL
http://www.ifip.or.at/



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IISP

Expanded Name
Information Infrastructure Standards Panel

Date of establishment
1995

Objectives
Promote and accelerate the cross-industry coordination of national and global voluntary standards for the deployment of the information infrastructure.

Areas of activity
IISP has been chartered to:

  • identify needs for standardization of critical interfaces and other attributes based on considerations such as user perspective, analysis of cross-industry issues, and open competitive models of the architecture for the Information Infrastructure
  • distribute standardization need statements to standards organizations and actively solicit responses.
  • review and analyze responses to needs statements
  • identify steps that should be taken to promote standards to support Information Infrastructure deployment
  • convey the value of those steps to the appropriate standards organizations to stimulate their active participation in information infrastructure standards development
  • provide a cross-sectoral forum to bring different industries and standards organizations together.

IISP has set up the following working groups:

Contact

Information Infrastructure Programs
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
11 West 42nd Street
New York, NY 10036
USA
Tel: +1 212 642 4920
Fax: +1 212 398 0023 
E-mail: plefkin@ansi.org

URL
http://www.ansi.org/iisp/



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ISO

Expanded Name
International Organization for Standardization

Date of Establishment
1947

Objectives
ISO is a non-governmental worldwide federation of national standards bodies who's mission is to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity. ISO's work results in international agreements that are published as International Standards. To date, ISO's work has resulted in 9300 International Standards, representing some 170 700 pages in English and French.

Areas of activity
The scope of ISO is not limited to any particular industry; it covers all areas of standardization except electrical and electronic engineering, which is the responsibility of IEC. The work in the field of information technology is carried out by a joint ISO/IEC technical committee (JTC 1). Following a re-engineering exercise carried out in 1997 the following subcommittees and working groups were defined in October 1997:

  • SC 1: Vocabulary
  • SC 2: Coded Character Sets
  • SC 6: Telectommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems
  • SC 7: Software Engineering
  • SC 11: Flexible Magnetic Media for Digital Data Interchange
  • SC 17: Identification Cards and Related Devices
  • SC 22: Programming Languages, Their Environments and Systems Software Interfaces
  • SC 23: Optical Disk Cartidge for Information Interchange
  • SC 24: Compter Graphics and Image Processing
  • SC 25: Interconnection of Information Technology Equipment
  • SC 26: Microprocessor Systems
  • SC 27: IT Security Techniques
  • SC 28: Office Equipment
  • SC 29: Coding of Audio, Picture, Multimedia and Hypermedia Information
  • SC 31: Automatic Identification and Data Capture Technique
  • SC 32: Data Management Services
  • SC 33: Distributed Application Service
  • WG 4: Document Description Languages
  • WG 5: User Interfaces.

Other ISO technical committees of relevance to the IT industry include:

Membership
A member body of ISO is the national body "most representative of standardization in its country". Only one such body for each country is accepted for membership. The member bodies have four principal tasks:

  • Informing potentially interested parties in their country of relevant international standardization opportunities and initiatives
  • Organizing a concerted view of the country's interests
  • Ensuring that a secretariat is provided for those ISO technical committees and subcommittees in which the country has an interest
  • Providing their country's share of financial support.

Contact

ISO Central Secretariat
1, rue de Varembe
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 734 1240
Fax: +41 22 733 3430

URL
http://www.iso.ch



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ITU

Expanded Name
International Telecommunications Union

Date of Establishment
1865 (as International Telegraph Union)

Objectives
Founded in Paris in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union, the International Telecommunication Union took its present name in 1934 and became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1947.

The ITU is an intergovernmental organization, within which the public and private sectors cooperate for the development of telecommunications. The ITU adopts international regulations and treaties governing all terrestrial and space uses of the frequency spectrum as well as the use of the geostationary-satellite orbit, within which countries adopt their national legislation. It also develops standards to facilitate the interconnection of telecommunication systems on a worldwide scale regardless of the type of technology used.

The ITU fosters the development of telecommunications in developing countries, by establishing medium-term development policies and strategies in consultation with other partners in the sector and by providing specialized technical assistance in the areas of telecommunication policies, the choice and transfer of technologies, management, financing of investment projects and mobilization of resources, the installation and maintenance of networks, the management of human resources as well as research and development.

A copy of ITU's wide-ranging strategic plan for the 1995-1999 period can be found athttp://www.itu.ch/itudoc/osg/spu/plan/stplan e_15457.txt.

Areas of activity
The Union's activities cover the following domains:

  • Technical domain: Promotes the development and efficient operation of telecommunication facilities, in order to improve the efficiency of telecommunication services, their usefulness, and their general availability to the public
  • Development domain: Offers technical assistance to developing countries in the field of telecommunications to promote the mobilization of the human and financial resources needed to develop telecommunications, and to promote the extension of the benefits of new telecommunications technologies to people everywhere
  • Policy domain: Promotes, at the international level, the adoption of a broader approach to the issues of telecommunications in the global information economy and society.

The Standardization Sector's priorities for 1995-1999 are to develop global standards for incorporating new technologies, services and capabilities in telecommunication networks, e.g.:

  • Intelligent Networks (IN);
  • Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network (B-ISDN);
  • Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM);
  • Universal Personal Telecommunication (UPT);
  • Multimedia Communication Systems (MCS);
  • Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunication Systems (FPLMTS) and Mobile-Satellite Systems (MSS);
  • Global Virtual Network Service (GVNS);
  • Telecommunication Management Network (TMN);
  • standards relating to quality of service and network performance.

Membership
In 1996, the ITU comprised 185 Member States and 363 members (scientific and industrial companies, public and private operators, broadcasters, regional/international organizations) to the three sectors.

Contact

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Place des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 730-6666
Fax: +41 22 730 5337
E-mail: helpdesk@itu.ch

URL
http://www.itu.ch



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MMCF

Expanded Name
MultiMedia Communications Forum

Date of establishment
1993

Objectives
The Multimedia Communications Forum is an international non-profit research and development organisation of telecommunications service providers, multimedia application and equipment developers, and end-users who "realise the revolutionary potential of multimedia communications".

Forum members are dedicated to accelerating the market acceptance of multivendor, multimedia solutions which can interoperate easily across different types of networks.

The MMCF cooperates with standards bodies and industry forums to share results and avoid duplication. Liaisons have been established (or are pending) with the ATM Forum, ETSIIEEEOMGNIUFITUISO, IMTC, D-TUG, and the Multimedia Development Group (MDG.org).

Areas of activity
MMCF members:

  • Collect and catalogue multimedia communications requirements.
  • Define and support cross platform functionality.
  • Recommend standards and interfaces between technologies.
  • Interface and create formal liaisons with other industry for a and standards bodies.
  • Educate and make recommendations to end users.
  • Promote and conduct vendor interoperability demonstrations.
  • Encourage new products, services, and solutions which use multimedia communications.

Contact

The Multimedia Communications Forum
25 Chatham Road
Summit, NJ 07901
USA
Tel : US (908) 552-8838
Fax : US (908) 598-0990

URL
http://www.mmcf.org/



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NIST

Expanded Name
National Institute of Standards and Technology

Date of establishment
1901 (as National Bureau of Standards)

Objectives
The National Institute of Standards and Technology, an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce's Technology Administration, was established by Congress "to assist industry in the development of technology needed to improve product quality, to modernize manufacturing processes, to ensure product reliability and to facilitate rapid commercialization of products based on new scientific discoveries".

Areas of activity
The Information Technology program in NIST is involved in projects in the following areas:

NIST also acts as host for The North American ISDN Users' Forum (NIUF).

Contact

Information Technology Laboratory
NIST
Gaithersburg
Maryland MD 20899
USA

URL
http://www.itl.nist.gov/



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OMG

Expanded Name
Object Management Group

Date of Establishment
1989

Objectives
OMG is an international non-profit organisation which aims to promote the theory and practice of object technology (OT) for the development of distributed computing systems. The organization's charter includes the establishment of industry guidelines and detailed object management specifications to provide a common framework for application development. Conformance to these specifications makes it possible to develop a heterogeneous computing environment across all major hardware platforms and operating systems.

OMG's series of specifications detail the necessary standard interfaces for Distributed Object Computing. Its Internet Inter-Orb Protocol (IIOP) provides a generalized infrastructure for technology developers.

Areas of activity
The OMG Technical Committee work currently in progress includes requests for information (RFIs), requests for proposals (RFPs) and requests for comments (RFCs) in the following areas:

  • Common Facilities RFI 2 (Financial Facilities)
  • Common Facilities RFI 3 (Repositories)
  • Common Facilities RFI 4 (CORBAmed RFI)
  • Compound Document Presentation and Interchange RFP (CF RFP1)
  • Internationalization and Time Facilities (CF RFP2)
  • Data Interchange Facility and Mobile Agent Facility RFP (CF RFP3)
  • Common Business Object and Business Object Facility RFP (BORFP1, formerly CF RFP4)
  • Printing Facility RFP (CF RFP6)
  • Systems Management Facility RFC
  • COM/CORBA Interworking RFP, Part A
  • COM/CORBA Interworking RFP, Part B
  • ORB Portability Enhancement RFP
  • IDL Type Extensions RFP
  • Interface Type Versioning RFP
  • Secure IIOP RFP
  • COBOL Mapping RFP
  • Ada Language Mapping RFC
  • Multiple Interfaces and Composition RFP
  • Time and Security Services RFP (OS RFP3)
  • Trader, Collections, Startup Services RFP (OS RFP5)
  • Analysis and Design Task Force Request for Information
  • CORBA Services Revision Task Force
  • Messaging Service RFP (ORBOS RFP1).

Membership
OMG has a membership of over 700 software vendors, software developers, and end users.

Contact

Object Management Group, Inc.
Framingham Corporate Center 
492 Old Connecticut Path
Framingham, MA 01701
USA
Tel: +1 508 820-4300
Fax: +1 508 820-4303
E-mail: info@omg.org

URL
http://www.omg.org



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OSF

Expanded Name
Open Software Foundation

Date of establishment
1988

Objectives
OSF is an international non-profit organisation for assisting the IT industry in research, development and delivery of key vendor-neutral technology (software source code) to make open systems possible. The focus is on the "fundamental open systems properties" of scalability, portability, usability, and interoperability of systems, software and information.

Areas of activity
Key activities are in distributed computing. OSF has developed DCE (Distributed Computing Environment), a set of integrated middleware services which enable client-server applications to interoperate across a heterogeneous environment. (See the OII activity report on the OSF European Symposium on DCE and the Info Highway for further details.)

Contact

USA
11 Cambridge Center
Cambridge
MA 02142-1405
USA
Tel: +1 617 621 8700

Europe
Open Software Foundation
Avenue des Pleiades-laan 15
1200 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +32 2 772 88 88
Fax: +32 2 772 92 28

Also offices in Grenoble (OSF Research Institute) and Tokyo

URL
http://www.osf.org/



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The Open Group

Date of establishment
February 1996

Objectives
The Open Group is an umbrella organisation for X/Open and OSF to "strengthen and streamline the entire open systems process", including adoption of open systems specifications, development of specification-compliant technologies and promotion of their use in the global enterprise computing marketplace.

Areas of activity
Planned activities for 1997 include:

  • delivery of further technology specifications in The Open Group's three strategic areas of focus - open systems platform, enterprise distributed computing and the effective deployment of the World Wide Web
  • extension of the X/Open brand to new technology areas and among existing technology areas.

The Open Group maintains an Open Software Registry that provides a single point of access for information about open software products. This system provides a facility for suppliers to announce product availability and for prospective buyers to locate products. The registry can be contacted at http://www.opensoftware.com/.

Contact
See contact information for X/Open (The Open Group's European HQ) and OSF (The Open Group's US HQ).

URL
http://www.osf.org/



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UniForum

Expanded Name
The International Association of Open Systems Professionals

Date of Establishment
1981

Objectives
UniForum is a vendor independent, not-for-profit professional association that helps individuals and their organizations increase their information system's effectiveness through the use of open systems, based on shared industry standards. Central to UniForum's mission is the delivery of high quality educational programs, trade shows and conferences, publications, on-line services, and peer group interactions. UniForum is committed to open systems to provide end users with complete technology environments that supports interoperability between existing installed systems and new technologies.

Areas of activity
Activities include:

  • Education and Training
  • UniForum's Annual Conference and Trade Show
  • UniForum's Open Systems Products Directory
  • UniNews online (published electronically twice-monthly)
  • Technical Publications: To offer members practical help in understanding open systems technologies and trends.

Membership
UniForum members include MIS and DP Directors, Systems and Network Administrators, Technical Executives and CIOs, Systems Integrators, Software Developers, Engineers, Value-Added Resellers, Systems Vendors.

Contact

UniForum
2901 Tasman Drive, Suite 205
Santa Clara, CA 95054-1100
USA
Tel: +1 408 986-8840
Fax: +1 408 986-1645

URL
dbsrv.uniforum.org



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W3C

Expanded Name
World Wide Web Consortium

Date of Establishment
1994

Objectives
The W3C was founded to develop common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web. It is an international industry consortium, jointly hosted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science [MIT/LCS] in the United States; the Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique [INRIA] in Europe; and the Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus in Asia. Initially, the W3C was established in collaboration with CERN, where the Web originated, with support from DARPA and the European Commission.

W3C provides a vendor-neutral forum for its Members to address Web-related issues. Working together with its staff and the global Web community, the Consortium aims to produce free, interoperable specifications and sample code. Funding from membership dues, public research funds, and external contracts underwrite these efforts.

All specifications produced by the Consortium are available during development and on initial release to Members only. After formal internal release, all software produced by or officially contributed to the W3C is available for general public use, commercial or otherwise.

Areas of activity
The Consortium provides a number of public services, including:

  • A repository of information about the World Wide Web for developers and users, especially specifications about the Web.
  • A reference code implementation to embody and promote standards.
  • Various prototype and sample applications to demonstrate use of new technology.

There are three Domains: User Interface, Technology & Society, and Architecture. Each Domain is responsible for investigating and leading development in several Activity Areas which are critical to the Web's global evolution and interoperability.

  • User Interface : Improving the technology that allows users to effectively perceive and express information. Includes : Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), Style Sheets, Document Object Model, Maths, Graphics, Internationalization/Localization
  • Technology and Society - Understanding the social impact of the Web and reaching out to affected communities: Platform for Internet Content Selection (PICS), Digital Signature Initiative (Dsig), Electronic Commerce, Joint Electronic Payment Initiative (JEPI), Platform for Privacy Preferences (P3), Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities, Public Policy Role, Intellectual Property Rights
  • Architecture: Enhancing the infrastructure of the Web and increasing its automation, Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Synchronized Multimedia, SGML and XML: Structured Document Interchange, Naming and Addressing (URLs)

Membership
W3C is funded by commercial membership. Membership is open to any organization which signs a membership agreement. The Consortium's Advisory Committee (AC) is comprised of one official representative from each member organization who serves as the primary liaison between the organization and W3C.

Contact

INRIA Rocquencourt Research Unit
Domaine de Voluceau - Rocquencourt
BP 105
78153 Le Chesnay Cedex
France
Tel: +33 1 39 63 55 11
Fax: +33 1 39 63 53 30

URL
http://www.w3.org



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XIWT

Expanded Name
Cross-Industry Working Team

Date of establishment
Unknown

Objectives
XIWT aims to:

  • foster the understanding, development and application of technologies that cross industry boundaries
  • facilitate the conversion of the US National Information Infrastructure vision into real-world implementations
  • facilitate a dialogue among representatives of stakeholders in the private and public sectors.

Areas of activity
XIWT have published white papers related to:

XIWT hosts the US Electronic Payments Forum which was initiated in November, 1995, to provide a mechanism for information exchange and to identify and examine issues regarding financial payment systems on the Internet.

Contact

Cross-Industry Working Team (XIWT)
Corporation for National Research Initiatives
1895 Preston White Drive, Suite 100
Reston, VA 22091
USA
Tel: +1 703 620 8990

URL
http://www.cnri.reston.va.us:3000/XIWT/public.html



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X/Open

Date of establishment
1984

Objectives
X/Open is an international non-profit organisation for the identification, agreement and wide-scale adoption of IT standards that reduce incompatibility and help users realise the business benefits of open information systems

Areas of activity
The X/Open User Requirements Process is the primary means used to determine which specifications to consider for inclusion into X/Open's comprehensive open systems framework, the Common Applications Environment (CAE). The CAE is designed as a vehicle for implementing open systems in the real world. Once X/Open working groups reach consensus on the specifications, they are adopted into the CAE.

Current areas of work include:

Contact

Apex Plaza
Forbury Road
Reading RG1 1AX
UK
Tel: +44 1734 508311
Fax: +44 1734 500110
E-mail: helpdesk@xopen.org

Other offices are located in Menlo Park, California, Falls Church, Virginia and Tokyo.

URL
http://xoweb.xopen.org



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This information set on OII standards is maintained by Martin Bryan of The SGML Centre and Man-Sze Li of IC Focus on behalf of European Commission DGXIII/E.

File last updated: January 1998

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